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A critique of Judith Butler

A critique of Judith Butler

Specific purpose: To educate the people in a given society about their cultural politics by use of the performativity concept to capture the focus of her readers of her book. It also helps to encourage people to fight for their rights in the society.

Central idea: Judith Butler attains her mission i.e. making people understand their cultural politics by exposing the hegemonic conceptions, which is recognized as fiction through her concept of performativity. This is made possible due to important criteria of Judith’s ability to introduce a debate that discovered theoretical validity in the perspective of political solidarity with the post-Marxian emancipatory scheme.

Organization pattern: Topical


Attention Getter: Butler’s concern on the political performativity is revealed through her excitable speech established in her article. It is through this speech whereby she tries to redress the absence of historical-political particulars by drawing politics of the performativity. She succeeds in winning the mind of the reader by investigating various types of illocutionary processes, which involve the hate speech and the declaratives, concerning the gays in the military sector. In the speech she centers mostly on the basis of theorization of resignification by categorizing the impacts of the speech actions. The impacts act as a significant aspect since it helps to distinguish one’s dialogue whether it is based on warnings or alerts on the side-effects of the hate speech. Butler goes ahead and says that for one to understand the limitation of her politics of performativity, one needs to be attentive to the technical distinctions relevant to speech concepts (Jessica, 2009).

Establish Credibility: Butler is recognized as strong woman who fights for the benefits of the people in the society. This is revealed in her articles where she elaborates on political concepts to make individuals understand their own regime starting from their culture.

Preview: All along the speech, it is clear from a point of view that Butler strongholds are revealed through her celebration of the performativity concept that is well-illustrated by an outline of the stylistics of existence in her concept of cultural norms.


Butler’s philosophy of performativity, seeking to summarize stylistics of existence that concerns the individual rebellion of cultural norms, lands in an alternation between determinism and voluntarism. Butler’s determination of this dispute tends to clear institutional determinacy from the concept and establish a politics of performativity that is insufficient in relations of its intellectual individualism. This dispute is surrounded by deconstructive thoughts of speech acts and perfectionist ontology of performative materialization. This is illustrated through the idealist portion of Butler’s concept of conversational materialization that is clearly demonstrated in the assertion of performativity speech acts. The claim at times tends to depend on the assumption that transcendental subjectivity does not only institute the epistemological forms, but also the substantial materiality of the world based on objects. However, the concept of performative assumes that illocutionary declaratives incredibly convert not only the social status of communicating aspect, but also the sexed materiality of the rescogitans (Susan, 2004).

In Butler’s article, her determination to measure the political aspect is based on the ethical part mostly swings between a pre-ethical sincerity to the other incompetent sector creating innovative moral norms, and an authorization of consequentialism centered in the theoretically condescending model for the sake of the other ideals. The methodological individualism is one of the concepts suggested in the Butler’s theoretical trajectory that is used to solve the dispute in the society mostly based on politics. Butler’s ethical change seem to be a very vital aspect in the progression of performative concept, since Butler’s argument converses a vital component of her politics, without, concentrating more at the satisfactory position. This is made easier since the key factors of the dispute are the perennial concentration of Butler’s examinations of identity formation, on a person in concept from structural elements. The claims recommend obliges on Butler’s account of the social ground to the classical disapproval between an individual and the whole society. This creates a perception that conceptualizes marginal subversion in relations to the opposition of the individual to hegemonic norms and ethical alterity in rapport to the responsibility of an individual towards another. Eventually her liberal political idea seems to be the best alternative, since it portrays a more radical version of moral and political individualism (Jessica, 2009).

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It is clearly revealed that Butler is a peaceful and an important person in the society. This is illustrated when she deduces the method of subject-formation via the lens of the philosophy of reflection, to recommend that although representatives are socially created via the cultural acknowledgment of several subject-positions, the gender contribution is controlled by the desire of an individual’s esteem. She grips the expectation of personality illustrated by philosophical concept as a hesitant association to authority that leads identity-formation that is based in a mixture of love and guilt. Butler views this as a chance to reinstall her desire for recognition by making use of the paradoxes of the concept of love and guilty (Matthew, 2001).

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Geoff Boucher, a lecturer in literary studies at Deakin University in Australia, plays a major role in the prosperity of Butler. Boucher helps Butler in her inquiry into the embodied-performative by making use of his PhD knowledge in his interdisciplinary on contemporary European philosophy, psychoanalysis, and social theory. Butler’s analysis into the embodied-performative structures of the establishment and contestation of social structures highlights the likelihood for confrontation to hegemonic norms. She claims they outcome from a perpetual disconnection between an individual and the society. It is from this perception the theory of performativity seeks to explain how the sabotage of power emerges within a dialectical relation.